Eczema herpeticum is a rare type of skin disease that is caused by herpes simplex virus. It can occur in almost everyone regardless of the age. Delayed treatment of the disease could result in scars. While the skin condition may only come once in a person’s life, it can bring much pain not only physically but also mentally, especially when it comes to the economic and social part of a sufferer’s life.
Generally, the skin problem is based on the fact that viral infection has expanded in the affected skin, which has altercations. Herpes simplex bacteria are among of the main cause that is being pointed out. Even if the skin condition is normally determined without impediments, a person should still know and take into considering some things as the patient may be vulnerable and prone to serious infection.
Herpes simplex bacterium is of two types – type 1 and type 2. Customarily, when an individual is afflicted with herpeticum eczema, it is the herpes simplex bacteria type 1 that is found in the body. This bacteria type causes different complications all over the body like blisters and sores in the buttocks, mouth, genital, face and other body parts. However, this virus type occurs almost anywhere on the surface of the skin.
Additionally, herpes simplex virus type 1 can be irritating in a sense that it may exist every so often once it is not addressed right away. The fact is if the skin condition is ignored, it could become a chronic disease. Thus, there is difficulty in eradicating the virus completely.
Eczema herpeticum is the outcome of so many skin diseases. There is no determinant for gender or age that is susceptible to such kind of skin condition. While the viral infection will not just spread all through the body, it is localized and may develop up to the point that blisters could cover the entire body.
Eczema Herpeticum Treatment
Treatment should not be taken for granted. The skin disease may develop to bigger vesicles that contain pus, causing it to become prone to bleeding. Even this eczema type will be gone in time, all conditions are deemed as emergency since the affected individual is at great risk of getting a super infection.
Bacterial swabs must be taken for culture and microscopy as the skin condition may resemble impetigo. Several tests are available for the said disorder and these include direct fluorescent antibody stain, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) sequencing, viral culture and tzank smear that shows epithelial multinucleated cells as well as acantholysis.
With eczema herpeticum, super infection is at all times a possibility. Open wounds from bleeding vesicles could be a point of entry for virus and bacteria to cause another form of infection. It could be so challenging to treat the viral infection especially if the bacteria and virus generation that get in the body have strains that are resistant.
In most cases, antiviral medications are prompted to prevent the need for hospitalization. One well known drug that is commonly used for herpeticum eczema treatment is acyclovir. Oral treatment is at times done daily. If available, a gram of valacyclovir is given two times daily for up to weeks or until the lesions heal.
For secondary bacterial skin infections, systemic antibiotics are usually given. The utilization of topical steroids is not usually recommended. It is advisable to consult an ophthalmologist if the eyelid is infected or when eye involvement is noticed or suspected.
Eczema herpeticum may directly affect the brain, lungs, liver and eyes. The said organs can become dysfunctional in a manner that the condition could lead to severe and painful irritation and swelling of the body. This is why immediate treatment must be called for in order to prevent the condition from worsening.